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AREA GUIDE TURKEY

Location:

Turkey straddles the borders of Europe and Asia with the majority of the country in Southwest Asia. It has a total area of 780,580 sq.km. that lies within Europe. The country is bordered at the east by Georgia, Armenia and Iran with Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea on the south. The Aegean Sea, Greece and Bulgaria are to the west, and the Black Sea forms the northern border. Turkey's geographical coordinates are 36o 00' to 42o 00' north latitude and 26o 00' to 45o 00' east longitude.

 

Geographical Regions:
Turkey, which has 80 administrative provinces, is divided into seven geographical regions; the Black Sea region, the Marmara region, the Aegean region, the Mediterranean region, Central Anatolia, the East and Southeast Anatolia regions.

Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, by Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west. In the northwest, there is an internal sea, the Sea of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, which are important waterways that connect the Black Sea with the rest of the world. The coastline of Turkey (excluding islands) is 8333 km.

The Climate:
Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other. While the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold winters with limited rainfall.

Language:
The Turkish language is spread over a large geographical area in Europe and Asia; it is spoken in the Azeri, the Turkmen, the Tartar, the Uzbek, the Baskurti; the Hogay, the Kyrgyz, the Kazakh, the Yakuti, the Guvas, and other dialects. The Turkish spoken in Turkey represents that of the Turkish language group coming from the southwest branch of the Uralic-Altayic language family. The oldest written records of Turkish are found upon stone monuments in Central Asia, in the Orhun, Yenisey and Talas regions within the boundaries of present day Mongolia, and belong to the years 725, 732 and 735 A.D. After the formation of the Turkish Republic in 1923 and following the achievement of national unity, Latin alphabet using Turkish phonetics was adopted in 1928

Population:
On the general basis, the population in Turkey is characterised by youth and dynamism. According to a 1997 population census, Turkey has 62.6 million inhabitants. Although there has been a marked migration into town, approximately 47 percent of the population still lives in the rural areas. Although the official language is Turkish, English is widely spoken in Turkey. There are many high schools and universities where the curriculum is based on English. German and French are other commonly spoken foreign languages. Istanbul, which was the capital of three empires, is Turkey's largest city, with approximately 9.1 million inhabitants. Ankara, the capital city, has 3.69 million in habitants. The next largest cities are Izmir, Konya and Adana.

Religion and Secularity:
99% of the Turkish population is Moslem. However, everyone in Turkey has freedom of religion and beliefs. The first phases in the introduction of secularism were the abolition of the Caliphate and the Ministry of Sheria and Pious Foundations on March 4th, 1924, followed by the introduction of separate educational and judicial systems, the hat reform, the closure of dervish retreats and religious sects, the acceptance of a Sunday weekend holiday rather than the Moslem Friday and finally the adoption of the principle of secularism in the constitution on 1937. In secular Turkey, all religious affairs are carried out by a central government organisation affiliated to the Prime Ministry, namely the Department of Religious Affairs.

Oludeniz
Oludeniz

FETHIYE

Fethiye; ancient name Telmessos, with its cultural wealth, natural beauties and geography, is one of the most popular resorts in Turkey. It is famous for its works of art belonging to Persians, Lycians, Carians and Romans. This charming county is in a bay within Fethiye Gulf where both large and small islands are scattered. The rear of the bay is surrounded by pine forests.
Oludeniz
Fethiye
The new town of Fethiye is a very Turkish port and trading town on the SW Mediterranean coast. Fethiye balances the attractions of a bustling resort town with the functionality of a working regional centre. Arrival at the bus station may give you the impression that you've come to the wrong place with no evidence of the sea, hotels, restaurants or any trappings of the tourist industry but a 5 minute taxi or dolmus ride into town will begin to reveal the place to you in it's true colours. Fethiye's strength is in it's role as a base for exploring the surrounding coastline and countryside. You'll find a good range of shops, eating places and accommodation and excellent transport services to surrounding attractions.
Oludeniz
Paragliding Oludeniz
Fethiye is within easy reach of the popular Calis beach and Sovaliye Island opposite the town. In May, basking under a warm sun, it is not unusual to see the snow capped peaks of the mountains in the distance to the east and south.
Fethiye
Fethiye
The climate is a Mediterranean climate, which is hot and dry during summers and warm and rainy during winters. Temperature, which is approximately 30 degrees during summer months, is generally over 10 degrees during winter. Sea water temperature never decreases under 16 degrees during each season.

 

Calis
Calis
CALIS

Situated 5km from Fethiye, it is a small but growing resort which appeals to people who like to combine sun, sand and sea with a bit of local colour. It is set on an inlet protected by 12 islands, forming a natural harbour shared by fishing boats, yachts and water taxis. Its long, un crowded sand and shingle beach is great for children.

Calis Beach
Calis Beach
It’s only a five-minute walk to the shops, where you can buy a range of goods at bargain prices, including T-shirts, jackets, jeans, fake designer labels, watches and jewellery. The larger resort of Fethiye, which boasts a lively Tuesday market, is only 5km away, and dolmuses leave every 10 minutes. Alternatively take the water dolmus between the two.

It’s the perfect place to unwind, but when you feel the urge to be active, there are plenty of things to do. You could go on a jeep safari to explore the Xanthos valley, the Roman ruins of Cadianda and the unspoiled village of Uzumlu. On Sundays a boat trip takes you to the colourful market at Gocek - watch out for dolphins on the way.

Calis Beach
Calis beach


UZUMLU

Uzumlu is situated fifteen kilometres (20 minutes drive) inland from the bustling harbour town of Fethiye. It is situated in a lush green valley, surrounded by breathtakingly beautiful mountains. Some describe it as being reminiscent of Switzerland, only with sun!. Uzumlu will appeal to people who want a scenic and tranquil setting, whilst having easy access to all the faciities that nearby Fethiye and Calis Beach have to offer.

Uzumlu
Uzumlu
Uzumlu


HISARONU - OVACIK

Situated on a high plateau 4km from the coast and surrounded by stunning mountains, the once sleepy villages of Hisaronu and Ovacik have combined to create a lively resort which has a distinctly British atmosphere. The nearest beaches are the famous lagoon of Oludeniz or the pebble and sand beach of Belcekiz. A dolmus leaves every five or ten minutes.
The village is full of bars, restaurants and shops. This is certainly the place to haggle for any imitation designer gear. The cool mountain air can be quite a relief after a day in the sun and there is plenty to do in the evening.


KALKAN

This beautiful and sophisticated bougainvillea-covered harbour village is set in a breathtaking landscape in the heart of the old Lycian region. The ancient sites of Xanthos, Letoon, Pinara, Tlos and Patara are all close by, with Kekova, Demre, Myra, Phaselis, Olympos and Aspendos slightly further afield, but all easily accessible.

Strict conservation laws have ensured that the heart of the village retains an authentic ambience that attracts (according to the Sunday Times) the sort of visitor who might also be enchanted by, say, Tuscany or the Dordogne. The result is a discerning mix of predominantly British guests together with Istanbul Turks attracted by Kalkan's reputation within Turkey.

Kalkan is growing at a gentle pace, with predominantly private villas being authorised outside the periphery of the old village. Kalkan's many official 'Green Areas' are being carefully preserved and we are genuinely optimistic that Kalkan will retain its charm and special ambience for many years to come

Kalkan
Kalkan


KAYAKOY

Kayakoy is not a far place from Fethiye. It's just 5 minutes from Hisarönü village, which is on the way to Oludeniz. Only 15 km. from Fethiye.

 

Fethiye Turkey

 

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